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Destruction de sites archéologiques assyriens en Iraq

Faute de temps, je n'ai pas le temps de traduire cette liste de sites archéologiques détruits récemment par les bull-dozers et explosifs de l'Etat islamique. Mais le texte se passe de traduction. En photo, Hatra qui vient d'être détruite le 7 mars et ne figure pas sur cette liste.

Baghdad  March 6, 2015 - The bulldozing of the ancient Assyrian archaeological site of Nimrud is only the latest in a string of attacks by the Islamic State group on heritage in Iraq.

Here is a short description of eight of the most significant sites and monuments the jihadists have destroyed as part of what looks increasingly like a systematic campaign to erase the region's history:


An ancient Assyrian city south of Mosul on UNESCO's tentative world heritage list, founded in the 13th century BC and originally called Kalhu. According to the Iraqi government, IS militants bulldozed the site on March 5.

Nimrud was founded in the 13th century BC and was considered the jewel of the Assyrian era.

The UN's cultural body called the destruction a "war crime".


Iraq's most important museum after Baghdad's, it has four main halls. In a video released by IS on February 26, militants are seen using sledgehammers to smash statues -- some from Nimrud and from Hatra, a Roman-period site which is also under threat.

According to antiquities officials, around 90 objects were destroyed or damaged, most of them originals. The rampage was compared to the Taliban's 2001 dynamiting of the Bamiyan buddhas in Afghanistan.


On July 24, 2014, IS militants completely levelled Jonah's tomb, one of Mosul's best-known shrines also known as Nabi Yunus. They rigged the popular pilgrimage site with explosives and blew it up in front of a large crowd.


Thousands of books and rare manuscripts were burned in February. It is not clear what damage the library itself suffered, but UNESCO described the destruction of the books as a new phase in the jihadists' campaign of "cultural cleansing".


Pictures surfaced in January showing that the walls of the citadel in Tal Afar, a city west of Mosul, had been badly damaged. The destruction is thought to have taken place in late December or early January.


Abu Tammam was a ninth century Arab poet, who lived in Mosul and wrote the Hamasah, a collection of 10 books of poems. His statue was taken down in June.


An important cathedral first established around 1,300 years ago in the city of Tikrit. Known as the "Green Church" or Mar Ahudama, it was the scene of a massacre of Assyrian Christians by Mongol invaders in 1258. It was destroyed in late September or early October.


In late September, the Shrine of the Forty (Arbaeen) in Tikrit was blown up. The monument marked the graves of 40 soldiers from the army of Caliph Omar ibn Khattab during the Islamic conquest of Mesopotamia in 638 AD.

Nimrud was founded in the 13th century BC and was considered the jewel of the Assyrian era.

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